Foundation published research

Here you will find a list and links to all research reports published by the foundation. In addition to viewing reports in chronological order as you find in this library below, we also list our research reports within a range of categories.

You may also find useful the foundation's Discussion and background papers.

The foundation is committed to publishing high quality research, and peer review is an essential part of achieving this goal.

Research reports are subject to a rigorous process of review, involving the following stages:

  • Independent peer review by a minimum of two researchers with content and/or methodological expertise. Peer reviewers provide feedback on the quality, structure, style and content of the report, highlight strengths and weaknesses and provide their recommendation about publishing the report.
  • Reviews returned to authors for response where appropriate
  • Final internal review for overall report quality

Where research reports have been through a process of independent peer review, this is stated in the covering pages of the report.

If you have any queries about this process, please contact

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Reports published in 2017

Problem gambling in people seeking treatment for mental illness

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation – July 2017

Lubman, D, Manning, V, Dowling, N, Rodda, S, Lee, S, Garde, E, Merkouris, S & Volberg, R

View a summary and download the report

Impact of gambling warning messages on advertising perceptions

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation – March 2017

Johns, R, J, Dale, N, Lubna Alam, S & Keating, B

View a summary and download the report

Longitudinal protective factors for problem gambling and related harms: Building resilience among young adult gamblers

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation – March 2017

Scholes-Balog, K & Dowling, N

View a summary and download the report

Reports published in 2016

Behavioural indicators of responsible gambling consumption

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - October 2016

Hing, N, Russell, A & Hronis, A

View a summary and download the report

Child and parent recall of gambling sponsorship in Australian sport

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - May 2016

Thomas, SL, Pitt, H, Bestman, A, Randle, M, Daube, M, Pettigrew, S

This study explored child and parent recall of sports betting and gambling brand sponsorship of Australian Football League, National Rugby League and soccer teams.

View a summary and download the report

Lessons for the development of initiatives to tackle the stigma associated with problem gambling

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - May 2016

Thomas, SL, Bestman, A, Pitt, H, David, J & Thomas, S

This research examined the effectiveness of anti-stigma initiatives in the areas of mental health, HIV/AIDS and gambling to understand the different appeal strategies used and to inform future anti-stigma initiatives for problem gambling.

View the summary

Download Lessons for the development of intiatives to tackle the stigma associated with problem gambling.

Assessing gambling-related harm in Victoria: a public health perspective

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - April 2016

Browne, M, Langham, E, Rawat, V, Greer, N, Li, E, Rose, J, Rockloff, M, Donaldson, P, Thorne, H, Goodwin, B, Bryden, G & Best, T

The aim of this project was to systematically investigate gambling-related harm in Victoria and assess the aggregate 'burden of harm' with reference to different levels of problem gambling, and other comparable conditions.

View a summary

Download Assessing gambling-related harm in Victoria: a public health perspective (PDF - 3307.8 KB)

Journeys through gambling: pathways to informal recovery

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - January 2016

Vasiliadis, S & Thomas, A

This study examines temporal benchmarks in informal gambling recovery pathways, looking at the broader context of the experience for individuals, and at the experiences of young adults.

View a summary and download the report

Reports published in 2015

EGM environments that contribute to excess consumption and harm

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - November 2015

Rockloff, M, Thorne, H, Goodwin, B, Moskovsky, N, Langham, E, Browne, M, Donaldson, P, Li, E & Rose, J

This research investigated consumers' perspectives on the use of online and venue-based electronic gaming machines (EGMs)

View a summary and download the report

Study of gambling and health in Victoria: findings from the Victorian Prevalence Study 2014

November 2015

Sarah Hare - Schottler consulting

Joint publication of Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation and Victorian Department of Justice and Regulation.

Findings from the first prevalence study in Victoria since 2008. The Victorian prevalence study examines participation in gambling by product, frequency and risk groups. It provides demographic and risk group profiles crossed with product use and frequency.

Key findings

Download the report (PDF - 3558.5 KB)

Developing and validating a scale to measure the enacted and felt stigma of gambling

September 2015

Dr Phillip Donaldson, Dr Talitha Best, Ms Erika Langham, Mr Matthew Browne and Ms Anthea Oorloff
Central Queensland University

This study investigated the stigma associated with gambling in the context of both internally experienced and externalised (perceived) stigma.

Download the report (PDF - 2005.2 KB)

Psychological treatments for problem gambling (PROGRESS) study

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation - September 2015

Thomas, S., Jackson, A., Browning, C., Feldman, S., Radermacher, H., Enticott, J., Anderson, C., Godbee, K., Adamopoulos, V., Stephanie Merkouris, S.

A randomised controlled trial was conducted to examine the effectiveness of four psychological treatments for problem gambling:

  • cognitive behaviour therapy
  • motivational interviewing
  • behaviour therapy
  • client-centred therapy

View a summary and download the report

Reports published in 2014

Brand community and sports betting in Australia

December 2014

Dr Ross Gordon and Michael Chapman
Macquarie University

This project explores the presence and use of brand community in relation to sports betting.

Download the report (PDF - 842 KB)

A comparative study of men and women gamblers in Victoria

November 2014

Nerilee Hing, Alex Russell, Barry Tolchard & Lia Nower

This study provides detailed analyses of similarities and differences between male and female gamblers in Victoria, Australia.

Download the report (PDF - 1547.7 KB)

A longitudinal study of gambling and health in Victoria 2008-2012

August 2014

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation

The Victorian Gambling Study is a longitudinal research study on gambling and health in Victoria. This report outlines the final findings and analyses of the study including from the 3,686 participants who completed four waves of data collection between 2008 and 2012.

Download the report (PDF - 2362.4 KB)

A qualitative investigation of the experiences, attitudes and beliefs about gambling in Chinese and Tamil communities in Victoria

May 2014

Susan Feldman, Harriet Radermacher, Christopher Anderson, and Marissa Dickins

This study explores the experiences, attitudes and beliefs of individuals from Chinese and Tamil backgrounds toward gambling. The researchers investigated the role of gambling in the two communities, and how the migration experience had impacted upon gambling attitudes and participation.

Download the report (PDF - 1308.1 KB)

Comorbid problem gambling in substance users seeking treatment

February 2014

Dr Sean Cowlishaw
Monash University

This research provided an estimate of the prevalence of pathological and problem gambling among people in treatment for substance use problems and explored gambling problems among those seeking treatment for substance use.

Download the report (PDF - 706.9 KB)

Parents and adolescents discuss gambling advertising: a qualitative study

November 2014

Samantha Thomas

This study examines how parents and their adolescent children conceptualise gambling advertising. In particular, it examines how messages in advertising are interpreted and how these interpretations influence perceptions of the risks and benefits of different types of gambling.

Download the report (PDF - 222.5 KB)

Using event-related brain potentials (brain waves) and automatic measures to differentiate problem from non-problem gamblers: Final overview report

October 2014

Robert Barry, Craig Gonsalvez and Lisa Lole

This study sought to examine the psychophysiological responses of both problem and non-problem gamblers during actual gambling activity in licensed club venues.

Download the report (PDF - 120.8 KB)

Reports published in 2013

The relationship between gambling, significant life events, co-morbidity and associated social factors

November 2013

Louise Holdsworth, Elaine Nuske, Nerilee Hing
Centre for Gambling Education and Research, Southern Cross University

This qualitative study examined how levels of gambling and gambling-related problems are affected by significant life events, psychological co-morbidities and any related social factors amongst people who gamble recreationally and people who experience problems related to their gambling.

Download the report (PDF - 852.8 KB)

Cognitive versus exposure therapy for problem gambling: A pilot randomised controlled trial

July 2013

Professor Malcolm Battersby, Mr David Smith, Professor Peter Harvey, Dr Rene Pols
Flinders Human Behaviour and Health Research Unit, Flinders University

This report documents the findings of a pilot randomised control trial of exposure therapy and cognitive therapy for the treatment of problem gambling.

Download the report (PDF - 708.7 KB)

Reports published in 2012

The Victorian gambling study - A longitudinal study of gambling and public health: wave three findings

December 2012

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation

The Victorian Gambling Study is a longitudinal research study on gambling and health in Victoria. This third report from the study presents findings from the 4158 participants who completed three waves of data collection between 2008 and 2011.

Download the report (PDF - 1343.3 KB)

The Victorian gambling study - qualitative component

December 2012

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation

The Victorian Gambling Study is a longitudinal research study on gambling and health in Victoria. This report presents results from the study's quanlitative component to provide detailed insights into the experiences of those with gambling problems.

Download the report (PDF - 836.9 KB)

Predicting problem gambling: a prospective study of the influence of adolescent risk taking and mental health on gambling during emerging adulthood

December 2012

Sarah Whittle, Murat Yücel, Himani Kashyap
The University of Melbourne

This exploratory study involved 156 participants from the Orygen Adolescent Development Study, and investigates how gender interacts with risk taking behaviours, temperament and psychiatric symptoms.

Download the report (PDF - 356.7 KB)

Gamblers tell their stories: an in-depth exploration of lifetime patterns of gambling

October 2012

Lise Saugeres, Anna Thomas, Susan Moore and Glen Bates
Swinburne University

This qualitative study supports existing research on problem gambling, and examines how early life experiences and life events influence gambling patterns and motivations over time.

Download the report (PDF - 574.2 KB)

Conceptualisation of gambling risks and benefits: a socio-cultural study of 100 gamblers

March 2012

Dr Samantha Thomas and Ms Sophie Lewis
Monash University

This qualitative study investigates how gamblers think about gambling. Researchers interviewed 100 adults who had gambled at least once during the previous year.

Download the report (PDF - 685.7 KB)

Reports published in 2011

Socio-economic impacts of access to electronic gaming machines in Victoria: effects on demand and communities

December 2011

Dr Kerry Brown
Queensland University of Technology

This report examines the socio-economic impacts of accessibility to gaming machine gambling in Victorian communities and in disadvantaged communities in particular.

Download the report (PDF - 1466.3 KB)

Factors affecting youth gambling: a comprehensive model of the antecedents and consequences of gambling in younger people

December 2011

Richard Bell and Jennifer Boldero
University of Melbourne

This study investigated a range of factors associated with gambling related problems among young people.

Download the report (PDF - 1783.2 KB)

Problem gambling in people presenting to a public mental health service

October 2011

Anthony de Castella, Pip Bolding, Adeline Lee, Sonja Cosic,, Professor Jayashri Kulkarni
Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre

The study sought to identify the prevalence of problem gambling among people presenting to a public mental health service, and understand emotional, mental and physical health problems of this client group.

Download the report   (PDF - 1145 KB)

Australian teens and poker: gambling prevalence, influences and implications

October 2011

Dr Sudhir Kalé
Bond University

This research investigates gambling prevalence and poker gambling among Victorian teenagers based on an online survey of 2,000 respondents.

Download the report (PDF - 522.3 KB)

The Victorian gambling study - a longitudinal study of gambling and public health: wave two findings

June 2011

Victorian Government Department of Justice

The Victorian Gambling Study is a longitudinal research study on gambling and health in Victoria. This second report from the study presents findings in relation to participants who completed two waves of data collection between 2008 and 2009.

Download the report (PDF - 586.4 KB)

Reports published in 2010

The impact of an audience and venue size on poker machine gambling

September 2010

Associate Proffessor Matthew Rockloff
Central Queensland University

This report documents a series of three experimental studies investigating how the presence of large numbers of persons in a gaming venue impact individual betting behaviour

Download the report (PDF - 480.2 KB)

Problem gambling in Victoria: identifying local area community and gaming industry risk and protective factors

June 2010

Monica J Barratt, Michael Livingston and Sharon Matthews

This study examines the characteristics of local government areas associated with self-identified problem gambling, as assessed through call volume and clients using the Gambler's Help telephone line.

Download the report (PDF - 1077.9 KB)

Problem gambling vulnerability: the interaction between access, individual cognitions & group beliefs/ preferences

August 2010

Dr Anna Thomas
Swinburne University

This report tests the link between access, individual and group beliefs and preferences to determine problem gambling vulnerability.

Download the report (PDF - 474.8 KB)

The relationship between crime and gaming expenditure in Victoria

June 2010

Dr Sarah Wheeler, Professor David K Round and Dr John K Wilson
University of South Australia

This study explored the relationship between gambling and criminal activity.

Download the report (PDF - 867.5 KB)

Reports published in 2009

A study of gambling in Victoria – problem gambling from a public health perspective

September 2009

Victorian Government Department of Justice

This study is Victoria's first epidemiological study investigating problem gambling and health. Finding from the study are based on a representative sample of 15,000 Victorians who were asked a series of questions in relation to gambling and health.

Download the report (PDF - 4650.6 KB)

Testing the link between accessibility and gambling problems: gambling and problem gambling amongst gaming venue staff

July 2009

Professor Nerilee Hing and Sharon Nisbet
Southern Cross University

The study aimed to test the link between accessibility to gambling and the prevalence of problem gambling by comparing gambling behaviour and prevalence of problem gambling among gaming venue staff and those with high accessibility to gaming venues compared to the general population and those with low accessibility to gaming venues.

Download the report (PDF - 6529.1 KB)

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