Prevalence and longitudinal studies

Gambling prevalence studies take a cross-sectional snapshot of gambling behaviours in a given population. Data is collected through surveys which include questions on attitudes to gambling, demographic characteristics of gamblers and gambling behaviour.

Prevalence studies tell us who is gambling and how they gamble. They outline differences in gambling rates and behaviour between different segments of the population including problem gamblers, at-risk gamblers, moderate risk gamblers, and non-problem gamblers.

The results of prevalence studies can assist in formulating prevention and help seeking strategies and treatment programs, including the location and types of services. They also provide valuable information for policy makers and regulators about the extent of gambling.

Comparison of prevalence studies across time can assist in understanding changing gambling behaviours.

Longitudinal studies look at population behaviour across time, they can provide information about changes in gambling behaviour and other behaviours that might be related to it. They are considered vital to understanding pathways in and out of gambling problems. 

The Victorian gambling study, links below, began with a prevalence study and then followed a large number of original participants across four years.

Australian studies

South Australian Centre for Economic Studies. (2003). Measurement of Prevalence of Youth Problem Gambling in Australia: Report on Review of Literature, Department of Family and Community Services.

Victoria

Department of Justice (2009). A Study of Gambling in Victoria - Problem Gambling from a Public Health Perspective, State of Victoria.

Department of Justice (2011). The Victorian Gambling Study: a longitudinal study of gambling and public health – Wave Two Findings, State of Victoria.

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation (2012). The Victorian Gambling Study: Qualitative component – Report of findings from qualitative interviews, State of Victoria.

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation. (2012). The Victorian Gambling Study: a longitudinal study of gambling and public health – Wave Three Findings, State of Victoria.

Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation. (2014). The Victorian Gambling Study: A longitudinal study of gambling and health in Victoria 2008-2012 Final report , State of Victoria.

Hare, S. (2015) Study of Gambling and Health in Victoria: findings from the Victorian prevalence study 2014 Victoria, Australia: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation and Victorian Department of Justice and Regulation

Australian Capital Territory

Davidson, T. & Rodgers, B. (2010). 2009 Survey of the Nature and Extent of Gambling in the Australian Capital Territory, The Australian National University, Final report 26 November 2010.

Tremayne, K., Masterman-Smith, H. & McMillen, J. (2001). Survey of the Nature and Extent of Gambling and Problem Gambling in the ACT, Australian Institute for Gambling Research, University of Western Sydney.

New South Wales

AC Neilsen. (2007). Prevalence of Gambling and Problem Gambling in NSW – A Community Survey 2006, NSW Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing.

Sproston, K., Hing, N., & Palankay, C. (2012). Prevalence of Gambling and Problem Gambling in New South Wales, NSW Office of Liquor, Gaming and Racing.

Queensland

Queensland Government (2004). Queensland Household Gambling Survey 2003-04, Research and Community Engagement Division, Queensland Office of Gaming Regulation, Queensland Treasury.

Queensland Government (2007). Queensland Household Gambling Survey 2006-07, Queensland Treasury.

Queensland Government (2010). Queensland Household Gambling Survey 2008-09, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, State of Queensland.

Queensland Government (2012). Queensland Household Gambling Survey 2011-12, Department of Justice and Attorney General, State of Queensland.

South Australia

Delfabbro, P., King, D. & Griffiths, M. (2013). 'From adolescent to adult gambling: an analysis of longitudinal gambling patters in South Australia,' Journal of Gambling Studies, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 547-563.

Government of South Australia. (2006). Gambling Prevalence in South Australia, Office for Problem Gambling, Department for Families and Communities.

Social Research Centre. (2013). Gambling Prevalence in South Australia (2012), Office for Problem Gambling, Department for Communities and Social Inclusion, State Government of South Australia.

Tasmania

ACIL Allen Consulting, Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre & Social Research Centre. (2014). Third Social and Economic Impact Study of Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 1 - Gambling industry trends and impacts, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania.

ACIL Allen Consulting, Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre & Social Research Centre. (2014). Third Social and Economic Impact Study of Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 2 - Tasmanian Gambling Prevalence Survey, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania.

Allen Consulting Group, Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre & The Social Research Centre. (2011). Social and Economic Impact Study of Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 1- Gambling industry trends and economic impacts, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania.

Allen Consulting Group, Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre & The Social Research Centre. (2011). Social and Economic Impact Study of Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 2 - Gambling Survey, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania.

Allen Consulting Group, Problem Gambling Research and Treatment Centre & The Social Research Centre. (2011). Social and Economic Impacts Study of Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 3 - Assessment of harm minimisation measures, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania.

South Australian Centre for Economic Studies. (2008). Social and Economic Impact Study into Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 1, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania. 

South Australian Centre for Economic Studies. (2008). Social and Economic Impact Study into Gambling in Tasmania: Volume 2 - The prevalence study, Department of Treasury and Finance, State Government of Tasmania.

International studies

Canada

IPSOS Reid Public Affairs & Gemini Research (2008). British Columbia Problem Gambling Prevalence Study, Gaming Policy and Enforcement Branch, Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General, Government of British Columbia.

Marketquest Research (2009). 2009 Newfoundland and Labrador Gambling Prevalence Study, Department of Health and Community Services, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Marketquest Research (2005). 2005 Newfoundland and Labrador Gambling Prevalence Study, Department of Health and Community Services, Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

New Zealand

Ministry of Health. (2012). Problem Gambling in New Zealand: Preliminary findings from the New Zealand Health Survey (July 2011 to March 2012), Government of New Zealand.

Sweden

Abbott, M., Romild, U. & Volberg, R. (2013). 'Gambling and problem gambling in Sweden: Changes between 1998 and 2009,' Journal of Gambling Studies, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 985-999.

Romild, U., Volberg, R. & Abbott, M. (2014). 'The Swedish Longitudinal Gambling Study (Swelogs): design and methods of the epidemiological track,' International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 372-386.

Volberg, R., Abbott, M.W., Ronnberg, S. & Munck, I.M.E. (2001). 'Prevalence and risks of pathological gambling in Sweden,' Acta Pyschiatrica Scandinavica, 104, pp. 250-256.

United Kingdom

Wardle, H., Moody, A., Spence, S., Orford, J., Volberg, R., Jotangia, D., Griffiths, M., Hussey, D., & Dobbie, F. (2011). British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010, National Centre for Social Research.

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